Yukon First Nation Self-Government and Final Agreements are being brought to life as the provisions defined in the agreements are implemented on a daily basis, to the benefit of all Yukoners.
For example, sustaining the rich cultural legacy inherited from their ancestors continues to be a priority for all Yukon First Nations. Several have also created economic development corporations to help ensure economic sustainability and create employment for their citizens.
From the protection and management of Settlement Land, special areas and heritage resources, to the cultivation of intergovernmental relationships within this new governance landscape, implementation of the agreements is dynamic and evolving and continues to shape the Yukon’s present and future.
The Nisga’a Nation is represented by Nisga’a Lisims Government (NLG). Nisga’a Government has the authority to pass laws on a broad range of matters. At the same time, Nisga’a lawmaking authority is concurrent with federal and provincial authority. Designed to assure democracy, transparency, and accountability, Nisga’a Government is comprised of NLG, the four Nisga’a Village Governments, and three Urban Locals
The Nisga’a Final Agreement is British Columbia’s first modern treaty. A landmark in the relationship between Canada and its Aboriginal peoples, the Treaty came into effect on May 11, 2000, marking the end of a 113-year journey. The Agreement is the first treaty in British Columbia to provide constitutional certainty in respect of an Aboriginal people’s Section 35 right to self-government. It recognizes Nisga’a Lands and opens the door for joint economic initiatives in the development of the Nisga’a Nation’s natural resources.
The Land Claims Agreements Coalition works to ensure that comprehensive land claims (modern treaties) and associated self-government agreements are respected, honoured and fully implemented.
Fully implemented modern treaties benefit all Canadians. They clarify the terms of the ongoing relationship between Indigenous peoples and the Crown, and define how resources on traditional lands can be used and co-managed to the benefit of all Canadians.
For Indigenous signatories, modern treaties offer opportunities for self-reliance, political and economic development, and cultural and social well-being. They are the basis for a new, positive relationship between Indigenous peoples and wider Canadian society.
Formed in 2003, LCAC membership includes post-effective date modern treaty holders in Canada. Collectively, modern treaties affect nearly half of Canada’s land, waters and resources.
The BC Treaty Commission advocates and facilitates for the recognition and protection of Indigenous rights and title, and the implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples through the negotiation of modern treaties.
The Treaty Commission is the independent facilitator for treaty negotiations in British Columbia, and is the only tripartite statutory body in the country whose mandate is to support reconciliation. Its work encompasses three main roles across a broad range of activities: facilitating negotiations amongst First Nations and the governments of Canada and BC; allocating negotiation support funding to enable First Nation participation in the negotiations; and providing public education and information on treaty negotiations.
The Treaty Commission values and encourages youth and the next generation of leaders to get involved and support the advancement of Indigenous self-determination and self-government through modern treaties. Your leadership and contributions are essential to the success of the negotiations, ratification and implementation of modern treaties.
Treaties are living government-to-government agreements grounded in the recognition and evolution of Indigenous rights. It’s critical that emerging leaders and the next generation be part of leading and shaping this future!